Paphos is a coastal town in the southwestern part of Cyprus. In the past, its two parts were called Old Paphos and New Paphos. At present, only the new part is populated.

According to mythology, Paphos is the hometown of Greek goddess of love Aphrodite. Many sites in the city are related to the goddess's name. The best known among them are the Aphrodite Rocks, the  Temple of Aphrodite in Kouklia village, the Baths of Aphrodite and the Fountain of Love. The name of the city is derived from the name of the daughter of Aphrodite and Pygmalion, called Paphos.

Archaeological studies indicate that Paphos was inhabited since the Neolithic. The city is the centre of the cult of Aphrodite and other Hellenistic goddesses of fertility A temple of Aphrodite was built here in the 12th century BC, also some of the best preserved and impressive mosaics in the entire Eastern Mediterranean can be found here. The city's remarkable historical heritage makes it an open-air museum. The entire city is listed on the UNESCO list of cultural heritage.

In Greco-Roman times, it was the capital of Cyprus. It has numerous ruins of the Roman era and is visited by tourists every day. In the 1st century AD Paul the Apostle preached the word of God in the city. The newly opened international airport is located in close proximity to the city.

The city was elected European Capital of Culture 2017 together with the city of Aarhus (Denmark).

Direct flights to the Cypriot city of Paphos are operated every Monday, Wednesday and Friday.