NAPLES

Naples is the central city in the Campania region famous for some of the most picturesque and beautiful beaches in Italy. The city is impressive not only with its variety of geographic peculiarities – proximity to the sea, at the foot of Vesuvius volcano, as well as near to the famous island of Capri, but with it centuries-old history and culture as well.

With the launch of the direct flights Sofia – Naples since the end of July this destination also became easy accessible. The aircraft lands at Cappadocia Airport, the largest one in South Italy and located at 6 km from Naples. By shuttle bus you can reach the city centre and the railway station. Tickets cost EUR 4 if bought from the bus driver and EUR 3 if bought from tobacco shops where traditionally bus tickets are sold in Italy. The city is famous for its heavy traffic, following its own rules and with the presence of unlicensed taxis that can charge higher fares than regulated.

The historical centre of Naples is included in the UNESCO world cultural heritage list with its three-century history. On a relatively small territory, a number of castles, royal residences, magnificent buildings and churches with historical significance are located. The central city square is called “Piazza del Plebiscito” (The Square of The People). The royal castle, the significant San Francesco di Paola church and the oldest working opera theatre in Europe – “San Carlo” are located at that square. Many other historical landmarks can be viewed, such as the royal palace of Capodimonte turned into a museum, and among its most precious exbhibits the painting by Caravaggio – “The Flagellation of Christ” and Andy Warhol’s “Vezuvius” can be found. The biggest collection of ancient Greek and Roman exhibits is housed in the National Archeological Museum, and in the Castel dell'Ovo” (“Egg Castle”) – the Museum of Prehistory is housed.

Tourists show great interest in the ancient cities of Pompeii with Herculaneum located near Naples that were destroyed with the eruption of Vesuvius volcano in 79 AD.

The city is famous not only for its historical landmarks, but also it is known as the birthplace of the pizza. Initially, it was the dish for poor people, but after 1889, when Margherita of Savoy, the wife of king Umberto I decided to taste it, the pizza became a favourite dish for aristocrats as well. The type of pizza that the queen liked most was named after her – Margherita. It was garnished with tomatoes, basil and mozzarella – the traditional cheese in the region. If you visit Naples, make sure you try another specialty named Sfogliatella – a shell-shaped dessert made from dough and a special cream. With the dessert you can have a glass of limoncello – a traditional liqueur prepared from a special type of lemons grown in the Campania region.